How to Manage Pests

UC Pest Management Guidelines

Grape

Bot Canker

Pathogen: Botryoshaeria spp.

(Reviewed 6/06, updated 9/08)

In this Guideline:


SYMPTOMS

Bot canker causes death of arms, cordons, and vines. The wedge-shaped, darkened cankers that develop in the woody vascular tissue are indistinguishable from Eutypa dieback. Unlike Eutypa dieback, there are no foliar symptoms.

COMMENTS ON THE DISEASE

Bot canker is a pruning wound disease commonly seen in vines 10 or more years old. Pycnidia, spore-producing structures produced on surface of canker, provides inoculum for infection. Bot canker is the major cause of arm and cordon death statewide and is most prevalent south of Madera County.

MANAGEMENT

If your table grape vineyard has a history of Bot canker, look for symptoms of poor budbreak in spring and for damage symptoms in late summer or fall.

Pruning wounds provide an infection site. Once infected, complete removal of canker is necessary. On older vines, doubling of spurs to replace lost spur positions and extensive cordon retraining is necessary to maintain production. Cultural practices, such as proper water and fertilizer management and good pruning techniques, designed to maintain vine vigor are necessary and may enable the vines to outgrow infections by this organism.

PUBLICATION

[UC Peer Reviewed]

UC IPM Pest Management Guidelines: Grape
UC ANR Publication 3448

Diseases

W. D. Gubler, Plant Pathology, UC Davis
R. J. Smith, UC Cooperative Extension, Sonoma County
L. G. Varela, UC IPM Program, Sonoma County
S. Vasquez, UC Cooperative Extension, Fresno County
J. J. Stapleton, UC IPM Program, Kearney Agricultural Research Center, Parlier
A. H. Purcell, Environmental Science, Policy and Management, UC Berkeley
Acknowledgment for contributions to Diseases:
G. M. Leavitt, UC Cooperative Extension, Madera County

Top of page


Statewide IPM Program, Agriculture and Natural Resources, University of California
All contents copyright © 2014 The Regents of the University of California. All rights reserved.

For noncommercial purposes only, any Web site may link directly to this page. FOR ALL OTHER USES or more information, read Legal Notices. Unfortunately, we cannot provide individual solutions to specific pest problems. See our Home page, or in the U.S., contact your local Cooperative Extension office for assistance.

Agriculture and Natural Resources, University of California

Accessibility   /PMG/r302101011.html revised: February 18, 2014. Contact webmaster.